• [S363] George McLean Palmer, "George McLean Palmer, personal communication", August, 2001 (Central Hampstead, NB). . Hereinafter cited as "George McLean Palmer."
  • [S1085] Edward Hirum & Evelyn Coy, Nilson Family Ancestry, History (U.S.A.: self published, 1993). Hereinafter cited as Nilson Family Ancestry, History.
  • [S1376] Ruth Ellsworth Richardson, Samuel Richardson and Josiah Ellsworth (: privately published, 1974). Hereinafter cited as Samuel Richardson and Josiah Ellsworth.
  • [S1537] Mary Bosworth Clarke, Bosworth Genealogy, Volume III (San Francisco, California, U.S.A.: self published, 1928). Hereinafter cited as Bosworth Genealogy.
  • [S1843] Charlottetown Guardian, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. Hereinafter cited as Charlottetown Guardian.
  • [S2214] Cemetery marker: Leonard Townsend, Leonard Townsend Digital image; David A. Walker, 5 August 2005.
  • [S2220] Cemetery marker: Leonard Townsend Children, Children of Leonard Townsend & Sarah Boss Digital image; David A. Walker, 5 August 2005.
  • [S3717] Cemetery Marker - John Borthwick (1797-1844) & Catherine Glover (1797-1842), John Borthwick (1797-1844) Inscription; David A. Walker, 31 July 2009.
  • [S3888] Marriage Record - John Borthwick & Catherine Glover, PARO, Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, 46.23533,-63.12547. Hereinafter cited as Marriage Record - John Borthwick & Catherine Glover.
  • [S4453] American Civil War record, American Civil War - Robert Borthwick, Film Number M546 roll 1 (Provo, Utah: Ancestry.com). Hereinafter cited as American Civil War - Robert Borthwick.
  • [S4907] Merrilee DeForest, "Merrilee DeForest, Personal Communication," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (unknown address) to David A. Walker. Hereinafter cited as "Merrilee DeForest, Personal Communication."
  • [S5207] John Borthwick & Mary Neil marriage, in Richmond Register Book for the Parish of Richmond, Prince County, 1821-1866: unknown manuscript info, PARO, Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, 46.23533,-63.12547. Hereinafter cited as Richmond Register Book for the Parish of Richmond, Prince County, 1821-1866.
  • [S5478] 1871 Canada Census - Leonard Townsend, Household #104, 1871, Transcribed from microfilm Roll C-10556, Page 31, Line 14, River Philip, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Ancestry.co.uk, Ancestry.co.uk.
  • [S5479] 1881 Canada Census - Sarah (Boss) Townsend, Household #177, 1881, Transcribed from microfilm Roll C-13177, Page 40, Line 4, Maccan, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Ancestry.co.uk, Ancestry.co.uk.
  • [S5790] Vance William Dryden & Beulah Henrietta Wallace marriage, Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Fredericton, York County, New Brunswick, Canada. Registration Number 15978.
  • [S6413] John Borthwick & Mary Neil marriage, 16 Sept. 1843, PARO, Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, 46.23533,-63.12547. Handwritten bond, Official A.V.G. Wiggins.
  • [S6415] Baptism Record - Catherine Jane Millman, St. Marks Anglican Church, Kensington, Prince Edward Island, Record Book 2, Page 157. Hereinafter cited as Baptism Record - Catherine Jane Millman.
  • [S6417] Baptism Record - James Borthwick Millman, St. Marks Anglican Church, Kensington, Prince Edward Island, Record Book 2, Page 87. Hereinafter cited as Baptism Record - James Borthwick Millman.
  • [S6883] Prince Edward Island Baptism Card Index, 1771-1885, Calahan-Condon, Image #1853, Church of England, Richmond, Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Record Book 18, Page 197, (Ann Marin Cannon, 30 June 1850). Hereinafter cited as Baptism Index, Familysearch.org.
  • [S6933] Robert C. Borthwick file; application number 1080.781, certificate number 978.202; 1861-1934; Roll Number T288_43 (Provo, Utah, U.S.A.: National Archives and Records Administration).
  • [S6935] 1910 US Census, Rathdrum, Kootenay County, Idaho, Robert C. Borthwick Family # 58, 19 April 1910, on-line digital image Roll T624_225, Page 3A, Image 468, Family History Society Film 1374238, http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestry.com.
  • [S6936] 1900 US Census, Rathdrum, Kootenay County, Idaho, Robert C. Borthwick Family # 121, 7 June 1900, on-line digital image , , http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestry.com.
  • [S6938] Idaho Death Certificates, 1911-1937, Robert C. Borthwick entry, , GSU Film Number 1509277, Certificate Number f2704, Church of Latter Day Saints, www.familysearch.org, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.. Hereinafter cited as Idaho Death Certificates.
  • [S6943] 1875 Minnesota Territorial & State Census, Alexander Borthwick Family # 53, 1 May 1875, on-line digital image , , http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestry.com.
  • [S6950] Idaho Death Index, 1911-1951, Robert C. Borthwick entry, , Original data: Bureau of Health Policy and Vital Statistics, Idaho Death Index 1911-51, Boise, Idaho, Certificate Number 002704, Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com. Hereinafter cited as Idaho Death Index.
  • [S6954] 1920 United States Federal Census, Herbert Cooley Household 188, 28 January 1920, Microfilm ditigal image Roll T625_849, Page 10A, Image 822, Hinckley, Pine County, Minnesota, http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestry.com.
  • [S6955] 1930 United States Federal Census, Herbert Cooley Household 135, 25 April 1930, Microfilm ditigal image Roll 1136, Page 8B, Image 447.0, Family History Library Film 2340871, Otsego Township, Wright County, Minnesota, http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestry.com.
  • [S6968] Mrs. Lucy Cooley Died Sunday at Otsego, Sherburne County Star News, Elk River, Minnesota, 4 Sept. 1941. Hereinafter cited as Sherburne County Star News.
  • [S6987] Household of Sidney Holt, 14 June 1895 on-line digital image, Otsego, Wright County, Minnesota, microfilm, Minnesota Historical Society, Roll V290_106, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com
  • [S7490] Unknown spouses' names, (26 April 1849 (recorded 3 July 1850)), Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers, 1850-1852, Marriage of Nathaniel Cannon & Maria Boundy, Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers, 1850-1852, Page 515, LDS on-line , unknown manuscript info. Hereinafter cited as Prince Edward Island Marriage of Nathaniel Cannon.
  • [S8250] Douglas Richardson, compiler, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 4 vols. (Salt Lake City, Utah: self published, 2011). Hereinafter cited as Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition.
  • [S8352] 1871 Canada Census, Lancaster, Saint John County, New Brunswick, of Nathan Cannon household #335, 1871, digital copy of original image LAC Film C-10374, page 93-94, Library & Archives Canada, 395 Wellington St., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Library & Archives Canada.
  • [S8353] 1881 Canada Census, Lancaster, Saint John County, New Brunswick, of Nathan Cannon household #131, 1881, digital copy of original image LAC Film C-13178, page 32, Library & Archives Canada, 395 Wellington St., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Library & Archives Canada.
  • [S8354] Ancestry.ca, online www.ancestry.ca. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.ca.
  • [S8383] George McLean Palmer & Greta Maybelle Boulter marriage, 18 September 1954, Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, Fredericton, York County, New Brunswick, Canada. PANB microfilm F22870, Code B4/1954, Number 3944.
  • [S8934] Palmer, Greta Maybelle, Fredericton Daily Gleaner, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 23 April 2012. Hereinafter cited as Gleaner.
  • [S8937] Boulter, James Richard MacKinnon, Fredericton Daily Gleaner, Fredericton, New Brunswick, published 10 February 2007. Hereinafter cited as Gleaner.
  • [S8938] Smith, Doris Irene (Boulter), Fredericton Daily Gleaner, Fredericton, New Brunswick, published 22 August 2006. Hereinafter cited as Gleaner.
  • [S9226] Sir Bernard Drake, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Drake. Hereinafter cited as Bernard Drake.
  • [S9341] Claudia Boorman, "Personal communication," e-mail message (Victoria, British Columbia) to David A. Walker. Hereinafter cited as "Personal communication."
  • [S9738] 1920 US Census, Franklinville, Cattaraugus County, New York, of William W.. Bowen (Head 2) and son William W. Bowen (Head 2) household #39, 10 January 1920, digital copy of original document NARA microfilm T_625_1087, Enumeration District 59, Image 867, http://www.ancestry.ca, Ancestry.ca.
  • [S9743] 1870 US Census, East Otto, Cattaraugus County, New York, of Clark F. Bowen household #82, 20 July 1860, digital copy of original document NARA microfilm M593_908, Page 121B, Image 249, Family Histort Library Film 552407, http://www.ancestry.ca, Ancestry.ca.
  • [S9744] 1880 US Census, East Otto, Cattaraugus County, New York, of Clark F. Bowen household #360, 23 June 1880, digital copy of original document NARA microfilm 812, Page 194D, Image 0042, Family Histort Library Film 1254812, Enumeration District 011, http://www.ancestry.ca, Ancestry.ca.
  • [S9755] Cemetery marker, Sugartown Cemetery, Cattaraugus County, New York, Lucinda Clark marker inscription; findagrave.com.
  • [S9769] Cemetery marker, Sugartown Cemetery, Cattaraugus County, New York, Alzina Bowen marker inscription; findagrave.com.
  • [S9770] Cemetery marker, Mount Prospect Cemetery, Franklinville, Cattaraugus County, New York, Azem F. Bowen marker inscription; findagrave.com.
  • [S9771] Cemetery marker, Mount Prospect Cemetery, Franklinville, Cattaraugus County, New York, Almira (Squires) Bowen marker inscription; findagrave.com.
  • [S9777] 1855 New York State Census, East Otto, Cattaraugus County, of Elias Bowen Sr. household #92, 19 June 1855, digital copy of original document New York State Census 1855, Albany, New York, U.S.A., New York State Archives.
  • [S9797] 1850 US Census, Otto, Cattaraugus County, New York, of Elias Boin household #42, 1 August 1850, digital copy of original document NARA microfilm M432_479, Page 293B, Image 574, http://www.ancestry.ca, Ancestry.ca.
  • [S9817] Cemetery Transcript, Church of Scotland Cemetery, Wilmot Valley, Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, PEIGS publication Lot 25-4, 1998, David Arthur Walker, Edwards, Ontario, Canada.